|Palestine disturbances 1936. Palestine Arabs at Abu |
Ghosh taking the oath of allegiance to the Arab cause,
to fight Jewish immigration, etc. (Library of Congress caption)
- Nationalist movements were active in surrounding countries of Iraq, Jordan and Syria and were influenced the Arabs of Palestine. In their midst, another nationalist movement, Zionism, was thriving.
- Anti-colonial fervor was directed against the British. The British often responded with a brutality that fanned the radical flames.
- The immigration of Jews in the 1930s and their purchase of land in Palestine alarmed the Arab nationalists. They feared a demographic shift and sought to reverse the Balfour Declaration's goal of a Jewish national home in Palestine.
- The Jewish manufacturing, farming, and social enterprises were seen as threatening to traditional Arab societies.
- The Mufti, Haj Amin el Husseini, sought to ride a wave of fanatacism and anti-Semitism that would also sweep away his moderate Arab foes.
- Many Arabs were caught up in the Fascist movements developing in Europe and the Middle East.
Attacks against Jewish vehicles in 1936:
Palestine disturbances. 1936. Jaffa. Jewish car
burnt, occupant killed, April 19, 1936
|Remains of a burnt Jewish passenger|
bus outside Haifa, July 1936
Palestine disturbances 1936.
Two motor cars burnt on the
highway, owners Jews
The Convoys of 1936
The British Counterattack