Friday, August 26, 2011

1936: The Start of the "Arab Revolt in Palestine" and the Assault on Jews in Eretz Yisrael -- Part 1

Palestine disturbances 1936. Palestine Arabs at Abu
Ghosh taking the oath of allegiance to the Arab cause, 
 to fight Jewish immigration, etc. (Library of Congress caption)
There are many reasons given for the start of the 1936 "Arab Revolt," an uprising of the Arabs of Palestine that would last for three years.  Among the reasons:
  • Nationalist movements were active in surrounding countries of Iraq, Jordan and Syria and were influenced the Arabs of Palestine.  In their midst, another nationalist movement, Zionism, was thriving.
  • Anti-colonial fervor was directed against the British.  The British often responded with a brutality that fanned the radical flames.
  • The immigration of Jews in the 1930s and their purchase of land in Palestine alarmed the Arab nationalists.  They feared a demographic shift and sought to reverse the Balfour Declaration's goal of a Jewish national home in Palestine.
  • The Jewish manufacturing, farming, and social enterprises were seen as threatening to traditional Arab societies.
  • The Mufti, Haj Amin el Husseini, sought to ride a wave of fanatacism and anti-Semitism that would also sweep away his moderate Arab foes.
  • Many Arabs were caught up in the Fascist movements developing in Europe and the Middle East.
Historians point to April 1936 as the start of the Arab campaign.  Jewish communities and vehicles were frequent targets.  The American Colony photographers documented many of the attacks against the British and Jews.

Attacks against Jewish vehicles in 1936:
Palestine disturbances. 1936. Jaffa. Jewish car
 burnt, occupant killed, April 19, 1936

Remains of a burnt Jewish passenger
 bus outside Haifa, July 1936

Palestine disturbances 1936.
 Two motor cars burnt on the
highway, owners Jews

Future features: 

The Convoys of 1936

The British Counterattack

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