|Grape picking in Rishon Lezion beneath the |
eye of armed guard, 1939
Wine always played an important role in Judaism and ancient Israel. Temple libations, religious ceremonies, and meals such as the Passover Seder and Sabbath Kiddush all required wine. But the production of wine in the Holy Land virtually ceased for 1,000 years after the Islamic conquest in the 7th century.
In the 19th century, French Baron Edmond de Rothschild re-established a wine industry in the Holy Land, importing vines and expertise from France. In 1882, Rothschild founded the Carmel Winery with vineyards, wine presses and wine cellars in Rishon Lezion and Zichron Yaakov.
|Zichron Yaakov workers, 1939|
|Rabbi supervising kashrut|
in Rishon winery 1939
|Wine press in Zichron 1939|
|Grape-picking in the fields|