|Three Zionist leaders on a boat. From left: Nathan Strauss, Justice|
Louis Brandeis and Rabbi Stephen Wise. Where were they
heading? (Bain collection at the Library of Congress)
The photo file from the Library of Congress' Bain Collection does not help very much. We're not even sure of the date. Flipping the photo shows a date of March 7, 1922 and another notation "Wise only December 29, 1925." A picture of Straus and Brandeis has June 14, 1920 scribbled on it.
So we checked if the three were sailing together to a Zionist Congress in Europe or to Palestine, but it appears that the three did not travel together. Brandeis, a U.S. Supreme Court justice since 1916, had been to Palestine in 1919 with Weizmann. Rabbi Wise visited Palestine in 1913, 1922 and 1935. Strauss, the owner of Macy's and Abraham & Straus department stores, was in Palestine in 1912.
|USS North Carolina brought aid|
Straus and Brandeis spoke in London in July 1920 to the International Zionist Conference, so perhaps that's why and when they were sailing. According to the New York Times account, Straus reported at the conference on the health centers and soup kitchens he established in Palestine. [The town of Netanya and Straus Road in Jerusalem are named for the philanthropist.]
Reports about the 1920 meeting stated that Wise refused to attend, although he had been attending Zionist Congresses since 1898 and worked with Herzl. Tensions between the American delegation and the European/Palestinian delegation were taking their toll on Wise.
So when was this picture taken of the three men?
|The American Palestine Line ship|
had a song written for its first
voyage to Palestine. This was not
the ship, apparently
|Pickford, the new bride|