|Jaffa Gate circa 1890, before construction of a road into the|
city and a clock tower honoring the Ottoman Sultan
It wasn't always so.
Until the late 1800s the narrow angled gate limited wheeled traffic. A moat was an additional barrier. All that changed when the Ottoman authorities rebuilt the gate to allow the German Emperor's carriages to enter the city in 1898.
|Jaffa Gate circa 1860|
|Jaffa Gate interior, circa 1870, note the narrow path and moat|
|Breach in the wall, circa 1900|
|Traffic jam inside Jaffa Gate, 1898, |
Turkish military escort, possibly part
of the German Emperor's visit.
Gen. Allenby entering Jaffa Gate by foot, 1917
The wagons, carriages and Turkish army cavalry in the Jaffa Gate picture taken in 1898 (right) suggest that the scene was part of the reception for the German Emperor. Enlarging the picture reveals the American flag on the building on the left, flying over the American Colony Store. Also revealed are Jewish residents and Christian clerics mixed in the crowd. See other 110-year-old pictures of Jerusalem's Jews here, here, and here.
Another important landmark at the Jaffa Gate to help date antique pictures is the clock tower built in 1908 in honor of the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II. After the British captured the city in 1917 the ornate tower was torn down.
In deference to the holiness of the city and in contrast to the German Emperor's carriage-borne ride into the Old City almost 20 years earlier, British General Allenby chose not to ride into the Old City of Jerusalem.
The Old City of Jerusalem is surrounded by four kilometers (2.5 miles) of walls built by the Ottoman Sultan, Suleiman the Magnificent, in 1540. Seven open gates serve as points of entry into the Old City. Several other gates, some dating back to the days of the Second Temple, are sealed.
See previous photo essays on the Zion Gate, Damascus Gate, Golden Gate, Dung Gate and Lions Gate.
Click on the photos to enlarge.
Click on the captions to see the originals.
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