|A British raid in the Jewish Machaneh Yehuda market|
But the British also clamped down on Jewish fighters who organized to defend against Arab attacks and carried out retaliatory attacks against Arab targets.
|British troops patrol Jaffa Road in Jerusalem on the|
eve of Bar-Yosef's execution in 1938
When the British responded to Arab demands to block Jewish immigration to Palestine, the Irgun organized illegal aliya -- Jewish immigration to Eretz Yisrael.
In April 1938, in reprisal for an Arab attack, three Irgun members attacked an Arab bus. The three were captured by the British, and one, Shlomo Ben-Yosef, was executed in June 1938 despite appeals by the Jewish Yishuv's leadership.
|Machane Yehuda market today - at the site of the 1930s|
British raid (Photo credit: The Real Jerusalem Streets)
Ben-Yosef was the first of 12 Jews executed by the British, mostly in 1947, when underground groups sought to end the British Mandate and turned their guns on British targets.