|The New Gate (circa 1900), still unpaved|
Benefiting the most were the Christian residents of the nearby Russian Compound and the French Notre Dame hospice across the street. The New Gate is located between the Jaffa Gate and the Damascus Gate.
|"Arab demonstration at the New Gate. Police |
cordon stopping the procession, Oct. 13, 1933"
View the Jaffa Gate clash here
|The riot at Jaffa Gate. "Demonstrators|
facing police baton charge"
What triggered the 1933 riots?
According to the British Mandate Annual Report for 1933,
Arab discontent on account of Jewish immigration and the sale of lands to Jews, which has been a permanent feature of political opinion in Palestine for the past ten years, began to show signs of renewed activity from the beginning of 1933, developing in intensity until it reached a climax in the riots of October and November. [Editor's note: 15 years before Israel's creation.] ... This [immigration] increase found its origin mainly in the favourable economic conditions of the country, due to a large extent to influx of Jewish capital and to consequent creation of new openings for employment.
The British report also provided the casualty count as a result of the terrorists:
[T]he collision of Arab demonstrators with the Police resulted in five constables and eleven civilians being slightly injured. The total casualties in the subsequent rioting in Jaffa, Jerusalem, Haifa and Nablus were one constable and twenty-four civilians killed or died of wounds, twenty-eight constables and two hundred and four civilians wounded.
|Iron gates restricted passage|
through the New Gate in 1937
|In 1938 the British sealed the|
In 1948, Jewish fighters failed to break through the gates of the Old City to relieve the fighters in the Jewish Quarter and to conquer the Old City.
The Israeli Defense Forces captured the Old City in June 1967 and opened the New Gate for traffic and pedestrians.