|British military raid for arms at Jaffa Gate, Jerusalem, July 1938|
The photographers of the American Colony were not news photographers, but they recorded the violent and bloody events of the Arab attacks across Palestine. Hundreds of these pictures can be found in the Library of Congress archives.
We present below excerpts of the British Mandate's 1938 report matched for the first time with a selection of the relevant American Colony's pictures:
|Trainload of British armored vehicles |
from Egypt arrive in Lod (July 1938)
|Remains of burnt Jewish passenger bus |
outside of Haifa (July 1938). See a
close-up view here
In April there was also an increase in shooting incidents against police and military patrols and Jewish settlements; in cases of armed robbery in Arab villages and the sabotage and attempted sabotage of communications and Government property. For the first time for many months damage was done to Jewish groves and forests. Finally, the [Iraq-Haifa] oil pipe line was damaged on ten occasions....
|Incendiary bomb in a Jewish quarter|
of Haifa (July 1938).
Click on pictures to enlarge. Click on captions to view the originals.
|Burned out building in Haifa Jewish|
Quarter. Note niche for a mezuza
on the doorway -- marked in a circle
|"Result of terrorist acts... Russian police-|
woman searching Jewish female for arms
at the Jaffa Gate" in Jerusalem (July 1938)
|British soldiers retake the Old City,|
pictured along the southern wall of the
city (October 1938)
|The British army retakes the Old City of|
Jerusalem. Machine gunner near the
Dome of the Rock mosque. (October
In September, the casualties among the British troops and police, Jews and Arabs (excluding bandits) reached the formidable total of 188 killed and 156 wounded. In addition, rebellious activities, probably encouraged by the crisis in Europe, were more widespread than in previous months. In almost daily encounters with the troops and police the bands are known to have suffered total casualties of at least 311 killed....
In October the Old City of Jerusalem, which had become the rallying point of a large number of bandits and from which acts of violence, murder and intimidation were being organized and perpetrated freely and with impunity, was fully re-occupied by the troops on the 19th of the month.