Monday, December 17, 2012

Elijah Arrives
Elijah Meyers, Founder of the American Colony Photography Department

Anne and Horatio Spafford,
founders of the American Colony
Horatio and Anne Spafford, the American Colony founders, arrived in Jerusalem in 1881.  Millennialists and Utopian Christians, they established a commune-like way of life with followers from the United States and Sweden who worked on a farm, dairy, carpentry shop, and bakery. The American Colony was well-known for its philanthropic works in Jerusalem among civilians of all faiths, especially during the severe hardships of World War I in Palestine.
American Colony store inside the
Jaffa Gate (circa 1905)

Man dancing with swords outside of
the American Colony store, displaying
 its photos and postcards (circa 1914)
The American Colony also established a store inside the Jaffa Gate in the Old City to cater to tourists and pilgrims to the Holy Land.  Their photographs and post cards were in high-demand among the visitors.



Elijah Meyers
The American Colony Photographic Department was established in 1898 by a Colony member, Elijah Meyers, a Bombay Jew who converted to Christianity.  He trained young photographers at the American Colony, some of whom continued working in the Department until 1946. 


Jews harvesting (circa 1898)

It is believed that Meyers was photographing in Jerusalem prior to 1898 as well.  His photographs of 1898 visit of the German emperor to Jerusalem were sold by the American Colony around the world.



Students in Mikveh Yisrael school
The Library of Congress narrative that accompanies the American Colony collection reports that in 1898, the “American Colony Photo Department photographers headed by Elijah Meyers were hired by Zionist [leader] Theodor Herzl to document Jewish settlements.” 
Meyers accompanied his friend and fellow photographer Yesha'yahu Raffalovich on a tour of the Galilee to prepare photographs for the 1899 Zionist Congress in Basel.  These pictures from the Library of Congress - American Colony collection are not dated or captioned, but it is likely they are from the Meyers-Raffalovich expedition.

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