|Torah scrolls in the ark of the Istanbouli Synagogue in the Old City|
of Jerusalem (circa 1930), "one of the oldest synagogues
in Jerusalem." The synagogues in the Old City were all
destroyed after the Jewish Quarter was captured in 1948.
(Library of Congress)
The Torah -- also known as the Pentateuch or Five Books of Moses -- has been the foundation of the Jewish faith for 3,000 years, the basis for the monotheistic Christian and Islamic religions, and an inspiration for spiritual, moral and ethical values.
|A Yemenite Jewish scribe and his|
father, Shlomo Washadi (c 1935)
|Samaritan high priest with|
his sons and Pentateuch
scroll (c 1911)
Doctors Herbert and David Torrance of the Scottish Mission hospital in Tiberias and the photographers of the American Colony
Photographic Department took several portraits of Jews and their Torah scrolls. They were also clearly fascinated by the scrolls and practice of the Samaritans, an ancient offshoot of Judaism who are not considered Jewish today.
|Jewish rabbi or Samaritan priest with scroll|
|A desecrated synagogue in Hebron |
with Torahs strewn on the floor (1929)
The Library of Congress archives also include pictures of the Hebron Jewish community after they were decimated in a pogrom by Arab attackers. Among the photos are pictures of a destroyed synagogue and its Torah scrolls.
|Enlargement of the scrolls on the floor|