We are again thankful to the Marks family for sharing pictures of their Jewish "Palestinian" family from the start of the 20th century, including the picture above of Rachel Churgin's graduating class.
Earlier this year we featured the Marks' pictures of Pvt. David Blick, an American who joined the British Jewish Legion to fight the German-Turkish army in Palestine. Blick was one of 500 Jewish Americans and Canadians who fought for the liberation of the Holy Land. According to Blick's biography, "While camped in the area of Rishon LeZion [see here photos related to the battle for Rishon in 1918], he met and later married Rachel Churgin of Yaffo. They were forced to leave Eretz Yisrael by the British."
|Students from the Gymnasia visiting Rachel's Tomb (circa 1920, |
The Hebrew Gymnasia Herzliya was formed in 1905 and was the first Hebrew-language high school in modern history. We suggest that the date, 1900, written in the caption of Marks' photo of the school's first graduating class is mistaken by 10-15 years, considering that Rachel married David around 1919. [He was discharged from the British Army in 1920.]
The Gymnasia produced several of Israel's prominent leaders, such as Moshe Sharett, Israel's second prime minister.
|Gymnasia Herzliya (circa 1920, Library of Congress)|
View a film of the Gymnasia in 1913, starting at 8:45 in a rare hour-long film of Eretz Yisrael.
|Screen capture of the school. View the film here|
Click on pictures to enlarge. Click on captions to view the original pictures.
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