|Bonnier lands in Jerusalem, 1913. The man on the far right appears|
to be the mayor of Jerusalem, Salim Hussein el-Husseini. Note
the unidentified Jewish man on the left. (Library of Congress)
On May 1, 1914, Turkish aviators Salim Bey and Kemal Bey landed their aircraft in Jerusalem. After that flight, military aircraft began to fill the skies over Palestine.
|Turkish plane in Jerusalem, 1914|
|German reconnaissance flight over Ramla, 1915 (Australian|
Turkey utilized aircraft to provide intelligence during its 1916 attack on the Suez Canal and to observe British troops' two attempts to capture Gaza in early 1917.
By the fall of 1917, German and Turkish aircraft had to be stopped from reporting back on British commanders' plan to unleash a flank attack against Be'er Sheva. The challenge was met by British and Australian planes, and the Turks at the Be'er Sheva garrison and in Gaza were caught unprepared.
|German planes near Gaza|
|Turkish anti-aircraft guns, 1917|
|Aerial photo of Jerusalem taken by German pilot in 1917. (Library of Congress) |
Click here for another view. By the end of 1917, Jerusalem was in British hands.
|German and Turkish officers at the |
funeral of a German pilot in Nazareth (Desert Column)
|Memorial plaque in Jenin for |
fallen German pilots
|German plane captured by Australian soldiers, 1917. |
Pilot is behind the plane's left wing. (ANZACS.org)
|Australian aircraft in Palestine, 1918 (Australian |
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