|Jewish soldiers in the Australian (sic) Battalion standing next to the Western Wall, 1916. (Harvard |
Library/Central Zionist Archives) The soldiers were actually from Austria.
The photographer, Ya'akov Ben-Dov, moved to Palestine in 1907 from Kiev. He was
drafted into the Ottoman army during World War I and served as a photographer in Jerusalem
[Another copy of this Kotel photo -- damaged -- appears elsewhere in the Harvard Library collection with the correct caption of "Austrian" soldiers.]
Update, April 2: We received the following note from a librarian in Harvard Library's Judaica Division:
We are in the process of updating the caption to read "Austrian soldiers" instead of "Australian soldiers". The caption should be updated within one or two days. Thank you very much for alerting us to this error.
The Australians arrived in Palestine with General Allenby's troops in 1917, and were famous for their daring cavalry charge that captured Be'er Sheva before German and Turkish troops could blow up the wells of the oasis.
|Austrians marching into Jerusalem, 1916 (Library of Congress, American Colony Collection)|
|Australian Light Horsemen in Jerusalem (1918) in a badly damaged Library of Congress photo|