|Nahalal Girls' agricultural training school. Group of girl students. (Library of Congress, 1929) The original|
captions refer to the young women as "girls." View more here
|"Grandfather helping his granddaughter to plow" in the Jezreel Valley |
(Library of Congress, 1920s)
The Aliya movements -- encouraging young Jewish Zionists to move to Palestine -- were launched when the Turks ruled Palestine, but immigration increased after the British captured the land in 1917-1918. The stream of Jews escaping an increasingly hostile Europe became a fast-flowing river until 1939, when Britain shut the gates.
|Harvesting grapes in Zichron Ya'akov (notice the armed guards). 1939|
View more here
Into this socialist and egalitarian society women were welcomed.
In this Part II of the Salute to the Women of Israel, we present the "New Yishuv's" women and their contribution to the formation of Israel through agriculture, industry and political activism.
|Preparing a new settlement (circa 1920)|
|Men and women pioneers at the Ein Gev kibbutz on the Sea of|
Galilee, 1937. The man second from right is Teddy Kollek who
became mayor of Jerusalem. See women mending fishing nets here
Women in Industry
|Diamond polishing (1939)|
|Making safety blades (1939)|
|Making cigars (1939)|
|Producing yarn (1939)|
|Women packing cheese in factory (1939)|
Women and Public Affairs
|Women protest the British White Paper (1939)|
The White Paper was approved by the British Parliament in May 1939, thus signing the death sentences of millions of Jews precisely when the Nazi tide was threatening to engulf Europe.
In May 1939, the American Colony film team photographed a protest by the women of the Yishuv, led by some of the leading women figures in Jerusalem at the time: Ita Yellin, Rachel Yanait Ben-Zvi, and Sarah Herzog.