Monday, December 28, 2015
Monday, December 14, 2015
|"The End of Ottoman Rule in Jerusalem, December 9, 1917." Two cavalrymen from|
the British forces hoisting a Turkish flag on their bayonets. (Ottoman Imperial Archives)
|The sergeants accepting the surrender of Jerusalem|
December 9, 1917 (Library of Congress)
The Monash archives provided a picture of Turkish soldiers hurrying into the Jaffa Gate of Jerusalem's Old City on December 9, 1917, "driven from the outlying hills by our men," the caption reads. From the Old City they continued their retreat toward the Dead Sea.
But the photo was not very clear. The Ottoman Archives photo below is so clear that viewers can see the writing on the building on the left, "Bezalel" in Hebrew and English. The Bezalel pavilion was built outside of the Jaffa Gate in 1912 to sell souvenirs and crafts made at the Bezalel Academy of Arts. The structure was demolished in 1918 by the British.
|Turkish retreat from the Jerusalem hillsides on December 9, 1917. The Bezalel Pavilion is on the left.|
(Ottoman Imperial Archives)
Thursday, December 3, 2015
An annotated picture found in the British Library's Endangered Archives collection
|Annotated picture of Shiloah (Silwan) from the Bonfil albums digitized by the British Library (circa 1890s)|
Below is one of the first photographs taken in Palestine in 1844 showing Silwan's small size. It was taken by Girault de Prangey, a student of the inventor of photography, Louis Daguerre. View more of de Prangey's photographs here. Many of his photographs are now online at the French National Library.
|The village of Shiloah (Silwan) in 1844 and the Kidron Valley (Smithsonian Magazine)|
The caption on the photograph reads, "The village of Siloam on the east bank of the Kidron Valley. The Pool of Siloam is opposite to the village on the west bank. The inhabitants are Mohammedans except at the extreme south (right hand of picture) where the Yemenite Jews live in a small colony of tiny stone buildings as shown in a long low patch of white."
On the right side of the picture, adjacent to the Jewish housing, the album owner wrote, "The Yemenite Colony."
Photographers of the 19th century focused their lenses on the Yemenite residents, especially the photographers from the American Colony where the Yemenites' arrival in 1882 was viewed as the "Gaddites" returning home and as a messianic harbinger.
We had the privilege of providing an essential detail to the Library of Congress' picture in its archives of the "village of Siloah" (circa 1901). The man, we explained after consultation with Yemenite historians, is a Yemenite Jew, originally from Habani in Yemen.
He was probably among the residents of Shiloah.
The American Colony photographers took scores of pictures of Yemenite Jews and helped provide food and shelter to the poor immigrants.
|Poor Yemenite Jewish family (circa 1890s). An American|
Colony caption read "Group of Yemenite Jews"
|"A scene in a Jewish Yemenite Quarter," according to the Library of |
Congress caption. The picture, possibly shot in Shiloah, was taken in
the 1930s when the Jews of Silwan (Shiloah) were suffering
from attacks from their Arab neighbors. They eventually fled
their homes. Today, Jewish families have returned to Shiloah.